Sunday, February 5, 2017

Q.   A client  recently bought an RV and is now looking for ways to deduct expenses. I told him about the recent tax case and that it was very unlikely that we could find any way to do that.   He brought up a couple of possibilities such as:

1. taking clients on trips in the RV and deducting it as entertainment and, 

2. being a contractor, using the RV while he is working on jobs out of town. He owns the RV personally but his business is an S corp so he wanted to know if he could have the S Corp pay rent to him when it's used for business purposes which would then be deductible. 


A.  I'll do my best:

1.  If he can verify he actually takes a client on a trip & returns, he might be able to get away with the actual costs. Since depreciation isn't allowed & is also included in the mileage method, I don't see any way other than taking actual costs. This also may or may not be allowable in the event of an audit.

2.  He won't be able to deduct any costs acting as a contractor.

3.  If he pays rent through the business, he will need to claim the rent on his personal taxes, so he will have a net sum of zero.

Regrettably he's in a tough position. According to the Jackson case, the IRS views RVs as personal vehicles designed for pleasure only. Business use is no longer an option. 

Wishing you & your clients a productive tax season! Honey

Wednesday, January 25, 2017

Q.  My husband and I began full-time RVing in 2003 and have done a variety of paid work camping through the years. We have never felt that any of our travel expense was deductible. We now own an RV site in Florida where we spend Oct.-April and are legal residents of Florida. After 7 summers working a paid seasonal job in Tennessee, we traveled to Wyoming to take a Memorial Day to Labor Day volunteer position as campground hosts in a state park. This coming summer we will be doing the same in Utah. Are any of our travel expenses deductible?  Thank you.

A.  Unfortunately the cost of getting to your site is considered commuting and therefore is non-deductible. If your volunteer "job" is for a charity formed under IRC 501(c), and you incur travel expenses on behalf of the charity and are non-reimbursed for this, your mileage may be deductible if all criteria is met.

For further information please refer to Pub. 526 page 19. Thanks for writing and enjoy your summer travels.

Tuesday, January 24, 2017

 Q.  My husband and I have lived renting in Pennsylvania for the last 6 years (where we have filed all our taxes), and my husband works from home as a software developer, for a Texas based company.  We do not own a RV/boat (or any home in the US), but we have decided to travel around the country in our car (and by plane sometimes) and use Airbnb or monthly rentals to live in until we find a place we love.

        So have been thinking of using one of the forwarding mail services available in Florida to establish our residency (St. Brendans Isle, Escapees Home, My RV Mail,...), while traveling the country.

Our questions are: 
            1) Is the address provided by the forwarding mail services useful for tax return purposes? 
            2) Do we have to file a tax return, in each state we visit if he works during our stay in said state? 

A.  I cannot attest to mail forwarding services since that is not my expertise. Each state has different residency requirements, & thresholds for filing income tax return requirements.

On the left of my blog you will notice links to all 50 states. There you can research the requirements for each state. I suggest you start with Texas since that has been the main source of your income.

For federal tax purposes, all income is reportable, and may or may not be taxable. Each state has its own filing requirements which are usually based on source income. Where you happen to be when the income is earned is irrelevant. You will need to research the filing requirement for each state your earn income in. Some states require a return if you are required to file a federal return. Other states require a return if your income is equal to or above a certain threshold. Of course if any state withholds state income tax, you will need to file a return if only to get a refund. 

I hope this guidance is helpful. Enjoy your travels throughout the US.!

Tuesday, July 26, 2016

No Justice!

Oftentimes there is no justice when it comes to tax law. With the major problems facing this country, congress considering the needs of RVers are not among them.

Although I have sited the Jackson case many times since it was published, the implication has not hit home.

To summarize, the Jackson's  took their case to court and lost. Not because they didn't keep proper records, not because they didn't have documented receipts, not because of missing mileage logs, not because of a lack of client records. Basically it boiled down to Code Section 280 A(d) which defines a dwelling unit.

For your convenience the underlined line above contains a link to the entire ruling.

So, what are we left with? Basically, treat your business as though you don't have an RV and take the time tested deductions that have stood through the years. Be through with all your documentation and the required record keeping.

Most importantly, enjoy your RV and your lifestyle. We are indeed the lucky ones!



Saturday, March 19, 2016

Q.  We live in a RV full-time and I write and take photographs for travel destination articles for the major RVing and sailing magazines   I also write travel destination articles and RVing related articles and publish photos on my website which earns advertising revenue.

Everywhere we traveled in 2015 was a destination that I wrote an article about for an RVing magazine, and the same is going to be true in 2016 (the magazines have contracted me to write articles for 2016 about destinations we will be traveling to).

So, we aren’t idly traveling — we're traveling from one destination I write about to the next (a truly dream life!).

In 2015 we drove our truck about 25,000 miles total, and we towed our RV for about half of those miles getting from place to place (the rest of the miles were “personal” once we arrived at a destination, getting around town doing errands, etc.

My question is this:  can I “safely” deduct the miles of travel that took us from one destination to the next so I could write those magazine articles, if the miles were documented in a log book as you describe?

A.  In view of the court cases sited, I'm not positive there is a safe answer. However, if you had no RV but were working out of a stationery dwelling such as a house or apartment, there is no question your mileage would be deductible, as long as you returned to the place you started. This seems to be the big problem for RVers. Your travel is certainly legitimate and as long as you are not deducting any expenses of the RV, I see no problem in taking a deduction for mileage.

The safest course would be to make certain you have a "tax home" that you travel to and from. A sharp IRS  agent in an audit situation could declare you a "tax turtle" which means every destination to travel to becomes your tax home, and therefore travel does not exist. Don't you just hate how complicated our tax lives have become?

Tuesday, February 16, 2016

Working & Living in a motor home

Q.  I am a Certified Life Coach, I teach seminars each weekend across the country and want to purchase a motor home to use for travel and to live in. I do not own a home or rent currently. I will see clients in the motor home, use cellphone and internet/skype for clients 6 hours a day, wrote my blog and update website weekly, etc via satellite and wired connections where possible. 
What might be tax deductible regarding the motor home?
Thank you for your thoughts,

A.  Please go to my post on September 30,2014 where you will find a link for the Jackson case. The Jackson case pretty much but a death knell on writing off a motor home for business purposes, even though both the court and the IRS agreed to the business use. The problem is a conflicting law which totally disallows writing off the business use of a RV.If you have a permanent place of business, that is one you return to on a regular basis, it is possible you may qualify for travel expenses. If no permanent place exists, you won't be able to take travel expenses either. It's a bummer, but there are no tax breaks for us RVers, working in our RVs or not. Thanks for writing and good luck with your seminars.

Sunday, January 31, 2016

Answers Forthcoming!

As you can see I am months behind with a new post. Very few questions came in during the second half of the year, and most of the answers could be found in the archives with just a little searching.

I usually don't write about personal stuff, but in this case I feel I owe you an explanation. While on the road on an island in the Puget Sound, I came very close to dying in my sleep. Fortunately my darling husband woke up to find me not breathing & without any heartbeat. After 3 days on life support, 5 days in critical care, and with one miracle after another on top of each other, I managed to recover without any brain damage what-so-ever. I simply stopped breathing. An electrical problem was declared to be the culprit and I now sport a ICD (implantable cardiac defibrillator). I decided the rest of the year needed to be devoted to staying healthy, so catching up on this was not in the forefront of my mind.

Then life happens, and as soon as we turned into the new year, I had to get ready for a very busy tax season. So please hang on, and I'll get back to your questions very soon. All our travel plans got cancelled and yes, Bob endured some life altering events as well. I am happy to report we are both well and looking forward to getting on the road again as soon after April 15th as possible!

Wishing you a very belated Happy & Healthy New Year!